Coastal wetlands – mangroves, tidal marshes, and seagrasses – are collectively known as ‘Blue Carbon’ ecosystems.
Through the natural process of biosequestration, they capture carbon 30-50 times faster than forests, which they lock away in the ground for millennial time-scales. Given their ability to trap atmospheric CO2, they act as natural carbon sinks, help offset our emissions and contribute to fight climate change.
Equivalent to coastal wetlands, they have the capacity to regulate greenhouse gases. However, their degradation due to land-use change, pollution, water extraction, and landscape modification can release high levels of carbon dioxide and methane back into the atmosphere.
Our research programs aim to quantify the carbon sink capacity of freshwater wetlands, as well as identify the best management practices to increase the abatement of carbon emissions.