Herbivores as ecosystem engineers in tropical seagrass meadows: Grazing impacts on meadow structure and ecosystem service delivery
Abbi’s work investigated how herbivores affect seagrass meadows around the Great Barrier Reef to understand their impact on the provision of ecosystem services, specifically focusing on how carbon storage in seagrass meadows can be modified by grazing activity. Her research will inform management measures that seek to maintain ecosystem function and understand potential trade-offs in ecosystem service delivery.
Scott, A. L., York, P. H., & Rasheed, M. A. (2021). Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Macroherbivore Grazing in a Multi-Species Tropical Seagrass Meadow of the Great Barrier Reef. Diversity, 13(1), 12.
Scott, A. L., York, P. H., & Rasheed, M. A. (2021). Herbivory has a major influence on structure and condition of a Great Barrier Reef subtropical seagrass meadow. Estuaries and Coasts, 44(2), 506-521.
Scott, A. L., York, P. H., & Rasheed, M. A. (2020). Green turtle (Chelonia mydas) grazing plot formation creates structural changes in a multi-species Great Barrier Reef seagrass meadow. Marine Environmental Research, 162, 105183.
Microbiology and greenhouse gas dynamics of inland wetlands
Giuditta’s PhD thesis involved: 1) improving inland wetlands activity efficiency by properly optimizing carbon sequestration as well as reducing to minimum the greenhouse gases release, 2) identifying key microbial communities and genes that are highly considered to be involved in carbon metabolism, 3) providing new standards and major advantages to scientific community through the constant monitoring of carbon fluxes field from the Australian floodplain freshwater wetlands.
Bonetti, G., Trevathan-Tackett, S.M., Carnell, P.E., Treby, S. and Macreadie, P.I., 2021. Local vegetation and hydroperiod influence spatial and temporal patterns of carbon and microbe response to wetland rehabilitation. Applied Soil Ecology, 163, p.103917.
Bonetti, G., Trevathan-Tackett, S.M., Carnell, P.E. and Macreadie, P.I., 2021. The potential of viruses to influence the magnitude of greenhouse gas emissions in an inland wetland. Water Research, p.116875.
Bonetti G, Trevathan-Tackett S, Carnell P, Macreadie PI. 2019. Implication of viral infections for greenhouse gas dynamics in Freshwater Wetlands: Challenges and Perspectives. Frontiers in Microbiology > https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.01962.
Ashley’s career as a coastal ecologist has focused on understanding anthropogenic impacts to coastal communities in oyster reefs, seagrass, saltmarsh and mangroves. Her thesis developed fundamental knowledge of how coastal catchments should be managed to protect and conserve important coastal vegetated habitats under future climate change.
Whitt, A.A., Coleman, R., Lovelock, C.E., Gillies, C., Ierodiaconou, D., Liyanapathirana, M. and Macreadie, P.I., 2020. March of the mangroves: Drivers of encroachment into southern temperate saltmarsh. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, p.106776.
Waryszak, P., Gavoille, A., Whitt, A.A., Kelvin, J. and Macreadie, P.I., 2021. Combining gray and green infrastructure to improve coastal resilience: lessons learnt from hybrid flood defenses. Coastal Engineering Journal, pp.1-16.
Macreadie PI, Ewers Lewis C, Whitt A, Ollivier Q, Trevathan-Tackett S, Carnell P, Thomson A, Serrano O (2017) Comment on ‘Geoenginneering with seagrasses: is credit due where credit is given? Environmental Research Letters 13(2)
Reducing emission from degraded wetlands
Katy’s thesis involved modeling carbon sources and sinks from freshwater wetland ecosystems of Southeastern Australia. The aim of this project is to identify long-term carbon storage by analyzing carbon sequestration rates of various inland wetland ecosystems. This connection must be studied to gather knowledge of its significance, and to provide information for better wetland ecosystem management practices.
Limpert, K.E., Carnell, P.E. and Macreadie, P.I., 2021. Managing agricultural grazing to enhance the carbon sequestration capacity of freshwater wetlands. Wetlands Ecol Manage.
Limpert KE, Carnell PE, Trevathan-Tackett SM, Macreadie PI.2020. Reducing emissions from degraded floodplain wetlands. Frontiers in Environmental Science.
Value of Australian coastal ecosystems for fish and fisheries
Holger’s PhD research valued Australia’s coastal ecosystems in relation to fish production using ecological, social, and economic measures. He systematically gathered and synthesized existing fisheries datasets to summarise interactions between fish and coastal ecosystems. Results were combined with socio-economic analysis to advocate for ecosystem-based decision making.
Jänes, H., Macreadie, P.I., Zu Ermgassen, P.S., Gair, J.R., Treby, S., Reeves, S., Nicholson, E., Ierodiaconou, D. and Carnell, P., 2020. Quantifying fisheries enhancement from coastal vegetated ecosystems. Ecosystem Services, 43, p.101105.
Jänes H, Macreadie PI, Nicholson E, Ierodioconou D, Reeves S, Taylor M, Carnell PE. 2019. Stable isotopes infer the value of Australia’s coastal vegetated ecosystems from fisheries. Fish and Fisheries. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12416
Blue Carbon Offset Opportunities within the Corangamite Catchment
Quinn investigated opportunities for carbon offsetting within blue carbon ecosystems of the Corangamite Catchment region in Victoria. He quantified blue carbon stocks and fluxe,s and identified possible mechanisms for the future management of these ecosystems that will aid in the mitigation of carbon re-mineralisation (CO2 released to the atmosphere) and climate change.
Ollivier QR, Maher DT, Pitfield C, Macreadie PI (2018) Punching above their weight: Large release of greenhouse gases from small agricultural dams. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14477
Ollivier QR, Maher DT, Pitfield C, Macreadie PI. 2019. Winter emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O from temperate agricultural dams: fluxes, sources and processes. Ecosphere. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2914
Distribution, drivers and disturbance of “blue carbon” in southeast Australia.
Carolyn’s thesis focused on understanding the dynamics of carbon sequestration in saltmarshes, mangroves, and seagrasses in Australia. Her research involved undergoing a comprehensive, large-scale sampling campaign of 96 blue carbon ecosystems across a data-deficient region of southeast Australia, applying these data to create predictive models and produce high-resolution carbon stock maps, and using paleoanalytical techniques and laboratory simulations to measure the impacts of ‘reclamation’ and erosion on blue carbon stocks, respectively.
Ewers Lewis, C. J., Young, M. A., Ierodiaconou, D., Baldock, J. A., Hawke, B., Sanderman, J., Carnell, P. E., and Macreadie, P. I. 2020 Drivers and modelling of blue carbon stock variability in sediments of southeastern Australia. Biogeosciences, 17, 2041–2059
Ewers C, Carnell P, Sanderman J, Baldock J, Macreadie P (2017) Variability and vulnerability of coastal ‘blue carbon’ stocks: A case study from southeast Australia. Ecosystems 21: 263-279
Ewers Lewis C, Baldock J, Hawke B, Gadd P, Zawazki A, Heijnis H, Jacobsen G, Rogers K, Macreadie P (2019) Impacts of land reclamation on tidal marsh ‘Blue Carbon’ stocks. Science of the Total Environment 672:427-437
The blue carbon benefits of restoring a degraded coastal wetland
Southeast Australian saltmarsh allometry, biomass, and blue carbon